Herbert George Wells


Herbert George Wells, better known as H.G. Wells, is the author of many classic science fiction books. Wells started his life working for his father, but soon had to be an apprentice to help out his family. An accident left him bedridden, and this is where he started to gain an interest in books, reading everything he could. He got into the Midhurst Grammar School, and the Normal School of Science in London. He dropped out of the school in London, and ended up teaching. He then married his cousin, Elizabeth, but soon after left her for one of his students.
H.G. Wells changed his lifestyle and became a writer. His first successful book was “The Time Machine”, a book about a scientist who travels into the future, but returns because of what he sees. He then wrote many more books, some of the most popular being “The Island of Dr. Moreau”, “The War of The Worlds”, and “The Invisible Man”. Many of his books were then turned into movies because of their popularity because of their popularity. Wells then took up writing novels. His book “Kipps” made people realize that he was a good writer. “Kipps” is a story that reflected parts of his life, such as being an apprenticed draper, and other small details. For a short time Wells was involved with the Fabian Society, a group of philosophers in London. Wells moved from writing science fiction to writing more critiques on the society. Wells was often said to be a “father of modern science fiction”. Herbert George Wells died on August 13, 1946.

Literary Devices: Mood, Foreshadowing, Theme

- Foreshadowing is when an author uses something to show what is going to happen later in the story without directly saying it.
-Foreshadowing is important because it gives the reader a sense of what is to come, and makes the reader think ahead to make predictions.
-The author uses the quote “It was here that I was destined, at a later date, to have a very strange experience” to foreshadow the event of the missing time machine. He says that the Time Traveler will have a strange experience, which is when he returns to his machine and it has been taken, leaving him confused and upset. (Wells, The Time Machine, p. 32).

- Theme is an idea that runs throughout a story, and keeps reoccurring.
Theme is an important aspect of a story because it conveys an idea throughout the entire story, and ties the story together.
- Capitalism: The Time Traveler relates the Morlocks to the working class and the Eloi to the higher society richer people in the 19th century. He says directly that “It seemed as clear as daylight to me that the gradual widening of the present social difference between the Capitalist and the Labourer was the key to the whole position” which is his way of descrbing how the Morlocks and the Eloi are representative of the two opposite classes.

- Mood is an emotional overtone; that makes the reader feel the way the author intends the story to be read.
Mood is important to a story because it sets the reader into the mindset of the story. It gives the reader a sense of how the author intends the story to be perceived.
- Solemnity: In the War of the Worlds, the narrator sets the mood as a very
solemn tone. This can be shown when H.G. Wells describes the ending scene of the invasion “And scattered about it, some in their overturned war-machines, some in the now rigid handling-machines, and a dozen of them stark and silent and laid in a row, were the Martians – dead! – slain by the putrefactive and disease bacteria against which their systems were unprepared; slain as the red weed was being slain; slain, after all man's devices had failed, by the humblest things that God, in his wisdom, has put upon this earth.” (Wells, The War of the Worlds pg. Even though the Martians are dead, it is still talked about as a solemn occasion.